In the previous article, I wrote about Loki and his connection to the chaotic archetype of the trickster. Now I will discuss his blood brother, the Norse King of the gods himself, The Allfather Odin. Now Odin is much more enigmatic and everything about him is not well known. There have been scholarly debates and discussions regarding Odin or Wotan in the Germanic pantheon. although covering every aspect about him will be much longer than anyone will care to read, but I will weigh in on much as I can with the limited characters in this article. Also, I will not romanticize it, Odin can be a very ruthless war god. Also, I don't believe in it literally.
The thing about Odin as a god and this is the case of most gods in mythology is that he is morally ambiguous. He does not really have much of a moral code. He is the archetype and the personification of the human mind itself. Odin has many roles. He is a war god, he is a god of magic. All wizards and mages are said to have come from Odin in the Anglo Saxon in Germanic world. He is also associated with poetry, writing, death, travel, wisdom, nobility, outlaws, outcasts, etc. You name it, chances are Odin specializes in it. Odin is also the ancestral shamanic god as well as well as a wanderer. he often travels to different worlds for long periods of time more often or not in disguise. Most gods are only limited by their roles. Odin stands apart from them because for him, all obstacles and limitations are meant to be overcome. This is similar to the shonen protagonist tropes in anime. Although that would be an understatement. Odin's animal familiars are mainly ravens and wolves.
From what the myths highlight, Odin has an endless unquenchable thirst for knowledge. He goes out to all the worlds and realms to learn as much as he can and to become even more powerful than he already is. And he will use any and all means to get it. This makes him relatable for those who have a love and appreciation for knowledge and to learn new experiences. Especially in the esoteric circles. He is not above learning what people in his day would consider forbidden magick. There was a time he learned what no manly man would ever do, learning Seidr. He learned it from the goddess Freyja. For those who don't know, Seidr is a kind of magick that's pretty effeminate, that's why no masculine warrior would ever do it. But for Odin, no obstacle is too great for him to overcome. There are numerous things Odin has done to gain all the knowledge he can before Ragnarok emerges. Two stories highlight this. One one of his travels, Odin went to the tree of Yggdrasil (World Tree) to drink from the mead of poetry from Mimir's well that will give him all forms of knowledge, but there is a catch. Odin had to sacrifice one of his eyes to the well in order to drink from it. This is why he is also called "The One-Eyed God." Another story was when he hung himself to the tree of Yggdrasil (in a crucifix fashion) for 9 whole days and nights without dying, and that is when he can see the runes and brought the runes to the gods as well to mortal men.
" I ween that I hung | on the windy tree,
Hung there for nights full nine;
With the spear, I was wounded, | and offered I was
To Othin, myself to myself,
On the tree that none | may ever know
What root beneath it runs." -Havamal stanza 139.
Sacrificing himself to himself could be an allegory of the death of the old self and resurrection of the new self. Odin appears to achieve divinity to himself. Now is just a theory I have come up with. The idea of death and rebirth goes as far back as Shamanistic practices. Which would make sense because the earliest mages were shamans. What Odin has done is also an allegory for how men who are to become shamans and mystics must go through a transition of symbolic death and rebirth in order to connect to Divinity itself and reach a state of Divinity. What Odin has achieved is connecting to the primordial force, where he and possibly many others like him attained Divinity from this unknown force. One could argue, Odin has strong ties in a way to the Supreme God. Not in the anthropomorphic sense, but in the mystical, primordial force or power that is outside of our senses.
It appears that Odin can also be accredited for bringing language to the Norse. The runes would be considered to contain magick within them. it is also a letter and numerical system, so it can be used as a form of communication as well. According to legend, for those who can read the runes, will attain a magickal power. Odin has also learned how to tame and control chaotic forces to establish an order. He along with his brothers Vali and Ve fought against the frost giant Ymir (who is also Odin's great-grandfather, which highlights that Odin is also part Jotnar), and made the world out of Ymir's corpse. This also implies that Odin also has a chaotic side to him. He has in a way utilized this chaos and turned it into an order. There is an occult saying "Chaos out of order and Order out of chaos." There are also discussions that Odin may have actually been a real historical figure in the past but my knowledge on that is very limited.
This Norse deity also has the most names out of any other Deity. Possibly in the hundreds and those are just a few of them:
Grimnir (The Hooded One)
Aldafor (father of Men)
Asagrim (Lord of Aesir)
Lord of Ravens
God of the hanged
Fimbultyr (Mighty God)
God of the gallows
Jörmunr (The Mighty One, Cosmic)
Glapsviðr (Swift in Deceit, Maddener, Wise in magickal Spells)
Valfodr (Father of the Slain)
Vakr (The Awakener)
These are just some in the numerous names he has. here's the link for the full list
Now let us move on to the Jungian perspective on this archetype. According to doctor Carl Jung Odin represents the frenzied warlike aspect of the European people as well as the inspiration and creative force. Odin seems to attribute at least three of the four main Jungian archetypes: Warrior, Magician, and King. I would recommend looking at his 1936 essay Wotan where he analyzes and weighs in on the distress of Germany at the time and has foreseen that the Second World War was already underway. As a psychic force, the more repressed the Odinic side is, the more he emerges in full force almost always when the world is in crisis and when the European people are in distress.
Whether you agree with this notion or not, there is no denying the metapolitics of Jung's psychoanalysis. The archetypal force is very powerful in the use of memetics.
There is a lot more information on the subject so I will end this article here and list all my sources below. Feel free to comment and give your thoughts regarding this article.
Survive The Jive: Who is Odin? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3C9yvEOT45I
Odin: Keys Upon the left-Hand path: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MvzNuC6J3pw
Stephen McNallen: The Awakening of Wotan Wolf Age: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IyMFsWDKOa8
The Poetic Edda: Havamal http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/poe/poe04.htm
The Poetic Edda: Voluspa http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/poe/poe03.htm
The Poetic Edda: Grimnismol: http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/poe/poe06.htm
Odin: Norse mythology for Smart people: https://norse-mythology.org/gods-and-creatures/the-aesir-gods-and-goddesses/odin/
Woden and His Roles in Anglo Saxon Royal Geneology: http://www.medievalists.net/2012/11/woden-and-his-roles-in-anglo-saxon-royal-genealogy/